Ermenilerin Taurian Eyaletindeki Eğitiminin Oluşumu ve Gelişimi


Özet Görüntüleme: 77 / PDF İndirme: 35

Yazarlar

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.10350117

Anahtar Kelimeler:

Eğitim, Ermenilerin eğitimi, Taurida eyaleti, Ermeni-Gregoryen kilisesi, G. Aivazovsky, Ermeni ulusal kültürü, Çok kavimli bölge

Özet

Giriş: Makalenin amacı, 19. yüzyıldan 20. yüzyılın başlarına kadar Taurida vilayetinde mezhepsel (Ermeni) eğitim kurumlarının kuruluşunun tarihsel yönlerini analiz ederek, onların deneyimlerini modern eğitim sisteminin reformunda kullanmaktır. Yöntem: Araştırma metodolojisi, eğitim sistemlerinin kuruluşunu ve gelişimini inceleme aracı olarak tarihselcilik, sistematik ve bilimsel nesnelcilik gibi genel bilimsel ilkelere; modern eğitim felsefesi fikirlerine dayanmaktadır. Sosyal, pedagojik faktörlerin, fenomenlerinin ve süreçlerinin antropolojik, hümanist, çok kültürlü, kültürel, bölgesel yaklaşımının temel fikirleri bize rehberlik etti. Tartışma: Araştırmanın sonuçları, araştırılan dönemde Taurida eyaleti topraklarında Ermenilerin eğitim gelişiminin oldukça belirsiz olduğunu göstermektedir. Bir yandan millî okullar açıldı, dergiler basıldı, kitaplar basıldı. Öte yandan hükümet, Ermeni kilise cemaat okullarının bağımsızlığına son vermeye, onları kapatmaya çalıştı, ancak okullar 1917 yılına kadar varlığını sürdürdü. Sonuçlar: Taurida vilayetinde Ermeni eğitiminin kuruluşu ve gelişimi, belirli bir tarihi, sosyopedagojik olgu, Ermeni etnosunun korunmasına ve yapısal unsuru olarak ulusal eğitim sistemine katkıda bulunan bir değerler ve bilgi sistemi olarak kabul edilmektedir. Sonuç: Araştırılan dönemde Taurida vilayetindeki Ermeniler eğitimlerinin gelişimindeki zorlu aşamalara rağmen kültürlerini, dillerini, eğitim ve öğretim geleneklerini korumayı başarmışlardır.

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Yayınlanmış

11.12.2023

Nasıl Atıf Yapılır

Redkina, L. I., & Shushara, T. (2023). Ermenilerin Taurian Eyaletindeki Eğitiminin Oluşumu ve Gelişimi. Uluslararası Etnopedagoji Dergisi, 3(2), 82–99. https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.10350117